Their types are: These herbivorous animals depend on autotrophic organisms such as microscopic plant eaters or zooplanktons, Mollusks, Beetles, Cyclops, and Daphnia etc. A pond as a whole serves as a good example of an aquatic as well as freshwater ecosystem. As with other ecosystems, plants are the primary producers. Occupation, Business & Technology Education, Introduction to Cyanobacteria (Blue-green algae), Structural Variation in Angiospermic leaf. providing opportunities for reflection, spiritual enrichment, cognitive development, recreation and aesthetic experience. They range from small (eg a freshwater pond) to global (eg the desert biome). abiotic and biotic. The chlorophyll in aquatic plants captures energy from the sun to convert carbon dioxide and water to organic compounds and oxygen through the process of photosynthesis. DO is an amount of oxygen dissolved in water. According to Woodbury (1954), ecosystem is a complex in which habitat, plants and animals are considered as one interesting unit, the materials and energy of one passing in and out of the others. Ubiquity.. Pond ecosystems can be found on every continent on the planet. A pond is an area filled with water, either natural or artificial, that is smaller than a lake. These are primary carnivores, which depend on herbivorous animals for food. Biological oxygen demand is the amount of oxygen required by bacteria in a pond in a unit volume of water at a specified time. Importance of pond ecosystems. Thermal variation influences the aquatic life and leads to the stratification of the pond. A variety of ecosystems are spread across the world, each with distinctive interacting characteristics and components. There the microscopic plants and decomposers are present. The functions of ecosystem are related to the flow of energy and cycling of materials through structural components of the ecosystem. Spirogyra, Zygnema, Volvox, Oedogonium. BOD and DO govern the kind of organisms present in water. These includes: The biotic components of Pond ecosystem are the living components which consist of: The producers are the aquatic green plants, which may be divided into two groups. Ponds vary greatly in size, can be found all over the world and house some of the most diverse communities of plant and animal life of any ecosystem. Stay connected with Kullabs. Nitrogen and phosphorus are important nutrients for plants. The ecosystem is a basic unit in ecology, formed by the interaction of plants, animals and microorganisms (biotic … The consumers are those heterotrophic organisms, which consume producers as food. It contains two main components i.e. On the basis of the depth of water, penetration of light and the types of plants and animals in... Role of temperature in stratification, biological oxygen demand, and dissolved oxygen:. are common examples of ecosystems. Pyramid of biomass and pyramid of number is inverted in the parasitic type of food chain. There can be more than one community in a society. An enclosed body of water that houses numerous different creatures. The distinct trophic levels in each type of food chain in pond ecosystem which shows a food relationship between one another in terms of energy, biomass, and the number is known as the ecological pyramid. The water level, oxygen content, and temperature in this zone varies time to time. No harmful chemicals, no complex filter system, no chlorine. It is a living ecosystem itself. They have directly or indirectly effect in aquatic organisms of the pond. Macrophytes: They are large plants, which manufacture complex food. Abiotic factors of a pond are all elements that are in or that affect the ecosystem of a pond other than the living, or biotic, factors. Community smaller than society. Dissolved oxygen refers to the level of free, non-compound oxygen dissolved or present in water or any other liquid. Flow of energy and information through the cell. Ponds are wet and are surrounded by artificial and natural banks. Aquatic ecosystems perform many important environmental functions. These exchanges sustain plant and animal life on the planet as well as the decomposition of organic matter and the production of biomass. Microphytes (phytoplanktons): They are microscopic autotrophs, which fix solar energy. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Let’s find out more about how they interact as an ecosystem. A pond is a small body of freshwater that is usually shallow enough for sunlight to reach the bottom and allow rooting plants to grow. An ecosystem pond is a pond or stream designed to function following the patterns of nature. Functions of an ecosystem can be studied as an exchange of energy amongst different natural processes that are taking place in plant and animal communities of different biomes of the world. They are: It is a peripheral shallow water zone in which light can reach up to the bottom. Bacteria, fungi like Aspergillus Cladosporium Rhizopus, Alternaria, Fusarium, Saprolegnia etc. It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched. Fundamentally, ecosystem functions are exchange of energy and nutrients in the food chain. Ponds are shallow water bodies with a depth of 12-15 feet in which the sun rays can penetrate to the bottom permitting the growth of plants there. The food chain is of two types which are given below: Food chains of pond ecosystem which are interconnected with one another in different ways forming a network is called food web. Pond. Ponds are small bodies of still, or not moving, fresh water that are surrounded by land. Although rapid urbanization has changed the structure and function of ponds, there have been few reports of the ecosystem services they provide. They also provide a habitat for plants like pond lilies and cattails. Pond ecosystem is a  freshwater ecosystem with the complex interaction between its biotic and abiotic components. Read through this lesson to get facts on: The definition of a pond Characteristics of ponds Here, a pyramid of the number shows that the population density relationship between the trophic level, which goes on decreasing at each successive trophic level due to predation. Generally, the decomposers either live in the soil layer beneath water or in the mud. Biodiversity.. Pond ecosystems are very important habitats for so many different types of fish, birds, plants and... 2. The associated organisms are small crustaceans, rotifers, insects and their larvae and algae. Decomposers are almost absent here. Pond ecosystem services are also important for sustaining rural production and livelihoods. Wetland functions are defined as the physical, chemical, and biological processes or attributes that are vital to the integrity of the wetland system. This is the deep-water region where there is no effective light penetration. In the pyramid of biomass and energy, there is a progressive loss of biomass and energy in successive trophic levels. Pond Ecosystem works on ponds which are shallow enough for the sunlight to pass through it. Pond Ecosystem www.makemegenius.com Free Science Videos for Kids Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. 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