Early prodromal period often appears as an flu-like illness Gastrointestinal: Typically 3–7 days. • Cutaneous anthrax is the result of spores entering the body through small breaks in the skin. Cutaneous anthrax, the most common form is usually curable. Incubation period: Cutaneous anthrax occurs 1 to 7 days (usually 2 to 5 days) after spores enter the body through breaks in the skin. Cutaneous anthrax can be readily treated and cured with antibiotics. Cutaneous Anthrax, although infectious, is not a genetic disease. Anthrax in humans 36 4.1 human incidence 36 With proper treatment, most patients survive. Some people can then develop headaches, muscle aches, fever and vomiting. Transmission between humans is unusual. This form of the disease is characterized by a sore at the point of infection that develops into a painless ulcer covered by a black scab (eschar). It is usually contracted when a person with a break in their skin, such as a cut or abrasion, comes into direct contact with anthrax spores. Cases following laboratory exposure have been recognized (see References: Brachman 1980, CDC 2002: Suspected cutaneous anthrax in a laboratory worker—Texas, 2002). Cutaneous Anthrax is considered infectious but is not transmitted from person to person. Cutaneous anthrax accounts for approximately 95% of all reported human anthrax cases. Person-to-person transmission is rare, but cases of person-to-person transmission of cutaneous anthrax have been reported. The term anthrakis means coal in Greek, and the disease is named after the black appearance of its cutaneous form. Each involve many different symptoms and modes of transmission. The resulting itchy bump rapidly develops into a black sore. Inhalation anthrax results from inhalation of spores from contaminated wool or pelts and the intestinal form is acquired from eating contaminated meat or animal byproducts. Cutaneous anthrax. From the patient's files, transmission of the diseases, clinical findings and severity of infection, treatment and outcome of patients were recorded. Full virulence of B. anthracis requires the presence of both antiphagocytic capsule and 3 toxin components (protective antigen, lethal factor and edema factor). Cutaneous anthrax develops 1-7 days (usually 2-5 days) after skin exposure and penetration of B anthracis spores [] In the most common cutaneous form of anthrax, spores inoculate a host through skin lacerations, abrasions, or biting flies. Mode of transmission. Anthrax, caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis, is a widely distributed zoonotic disease that primarily afflicts herbivorous animals. Transmission routes include cutaneous, ingestion, inhalation, and injection; cutaneous accounts for most (95%) cases worldwide (2,4). The incubation period for inhalation anthrax ranges from 1 to 60 days and patients have frequently complained over fever, chills, drenching sweats, profound fatigue, minimally productive cough, nausea or vomiting, and chest discomfort. The incubation … Transmission Anthrax is usually transmitted by bacterial endospores, although vegetative cells might establish infections in some forms of anthrax (e.g., the oropharyngeal form acquired by eating contaminated meat). Other than Gram Stain of specimens, there are no specific direct identification techniques for identification of Bacillus sp. Close. Cutaneous, or skin, anthrax is the most common form. Pathophysiology . Gastrointestinal anthrax: As a result of ingestion of infected tissues. Contact with anthrax can cause severe illness in both humans and animals. Transmission cont. The infection begins as a raised, sometimes itchy, bump resembling an insect bite. Person-to-person transmission of B anthracis has been reported rarely with cutaneous anthrax, but has not been recognized with gastrointestinal or inhalational disease (see References : Weber 2001, Weber 2002). In general, symptoms begin within 7 days of exposure. The symptoms of cutaneous anthrax are severe muscular pains, severe body pains, fever, nausea, vomiting, lack of coordination and if treatment doesn’t quickly take place, it may result in death. person transmission of inhalational disease does not occur. Virulence factors. Generally, a disease like this is caused by an infectious agent and not spread between people. Respondents who did not know symptoms, transmission, or control/prevention methods of anthrax were 73.8 (590/800), 78.8 (630/800) and 56.6% (453/800), respectively. 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